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Tony Ro

Professor of Psychology and Cognitive Neuroscience

NAC 7/245
160 Convent Ave.

New York , NY 10031
Office Phone: (212) 650-5160


  1. B.A., University of California, Berkeley
  2. Ph.D., University of California, Davis
  3. Postdoctoral Fellow, University College London


Tony Ro's research is concerned with understanding the cognitive and neural mechanisms underlying attention, perception, and action. He utilizes transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), structural and functional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI and fMRI), patients with neurological deficits after focal brain damage, and psychophysical methods to address questions regarding conscious and unconscious perception, multisensory processing, attention and eye movements, face perception, and motor control.
Representative publications:

Last updated in 2008.

Seyal, M., Ro, T., & Rafal, R. D. (1995). Increased sensitivity to ipsilateral cutaneous stimuli following transcranial magnetic stimulation of the parietal lobe. Annals of Neurology, 38, 264-267.

Ro, T., & Rafal, R. D. (1996). Perception of geometric illusions in hemispatial neglect. Neuropsychologia, 34, 973-978.

Ro, T., Henik, A., Machado, L., & Rafal, R.D. (1997). Transcranial magnetic stimulation of the prefrontal cortex delays contralateral endogenous saccades. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 9, 433-440.

Ro, T., Cohen, A., Ivry, R. B., & Rafal, R. D. (1998). Response channel activation and the temporo-parietal junction. Brain and Cognition, 37, 461-476.

Ro, T., Cheifet, S., Ingle, H., Shoup, R., & Rafal, R. D. (1999). Localization of the human frontal eye fields and motor hand area with transcranial magnetic stimulation and magnetic resonance imaging. Neuropsychologia, 37, 225-231.   

Ro, T., Pratt, J., & Rafal, R. D. (2000). Inhibition of return in saccadic eye movements. Experimental Brain Research, 130, 264-268.

Ro, T., Russell, C., & Lavie, N. (2001). Changing faces: A detection advantage in the flicker paradigm. Psychological Science, 12, 94-99.

Ro, T., Rorden, C., Driver, J., & Rafal, R. (2001). Ipsilesional biases in saccades but not perception after lesions of the human inferior parietal lobule. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 13, 920-929.

Dodds, C., Machado, L., Rafal, R., & Ro, T. (2002). A temporal /nasal asymmetry for blindsight in a localisation task: Evidence for extrageniculate mediation. NeuroReport, 13, 655-658.

Ro, T., Machado, L., Kanwisher, N., & Rafal, R. D. (2002). Covert orienting to the locations of targets and distractors: Effects on response channel activation in a flanker task. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 55, 917-936.

Ro, T., Farnè, A, & Chang, E. (2003). Inhibition of return and the human frontal eye fields. Experimental Brain Research, 150, 290-296.

Ro, T., Breitmeyer, B., Burton, P., Singhal, N., & Lane, D. (2003). Feedback contributions to visual awareness in human occipital cortex. Current Biology, 11, 1038-1041.

Ro, T., Wallace, R., Hagedorn, J., Farnè, A., & Pienkos, E. (2004). Visual enhancing of tactile perception in the posterior parietal cortex. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 16, 24-30.

Breitmeyer, B., Ro, T., & Singhal, N. (2004). Unconscious color priming occurs at stimulus-dependent not percept-dependent levels of visual processing. Psychological Science, 15, 198-202.

Ro, T., Shelton, D., Lee, O., Chang, E. (2004). Extrageniculate mediation of unconscious vision in transcranial magnetic stimulation-induced blindsight. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 101, 9933-9935

Boyer, J., Harrison, S., & Ro, T. (2005). Unconscious processing of orientation and color without primary visual cortex. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 102, 16875-16879.

Ro, T., Noser, E., Boake, C., Wallace, R., Gaber, M., Bernstein, M., Speroni, A., De Joya, A., Burgin, S.W., Zhang, L., Grotta, J., & Levin, H. (2006). Functional reorganization and recovery after constraint induced movement therapy in acute stroke: Case Reports. Neurocase, 12, 50-60.

Olk, B., Chang, E., Kingstone, A., & Ro, T. (2006). Modulation of antisaccades by transcranial magnetic stimulation of the human frontal eye field. Cerebral Cortex, 16, 76-82.

Johnson, R. M., Burton, P., & Ro, T. (2006). Visually induced feelings of touch. Brain Research, 1073-4, 398-406.

Chang, E., & Ro, T. (2007). Maintenance of visual stability in the human posterior parietal cortex. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 19, 266-274.

Ro, T., Friggel, A., & Lavie, N. (2007). Attentional biases for faces and body parts. Visual Cognition, 15, 322-348.

Boyer, J., & Ro, T. (2007). Attention attenuates metacontrast masking. Cognition, 104, 135-149.

Beauchamp, M. S., Yasar, N. E., Kishan, N., & Ro, T. (2007). Human MST but not MT responds to vibrotactile stimulation. Journal of Neuroscience, 27, 8261-8267.

Ro, T., Farnè, A., Johnson, R., Wedeen, V., Chu, Z., Wang, Z., Hunter, J. V., & Beauchamp, M. S. (2007). Feeling sounds after a thalamic lesion.  Annals of Neurology, 62, 433-441.

Ro, T. (2008). Unconscious vision in action. Neuropsychologia, 46, 379-383.

Beauchamp, M. S., Yasar, N., Frye, R., & Ro, T. (in press). Integration of touch, sound and vision in human superior temporal sulcus. NeuroImage.