Explores the entire realm of the universe, its origins and history, and establishes our time and place and role in it. Our solar system, our galaxy, the expanding universe of many galaxies will be discussed along with more recent discoveries such as quasars, pulsars and black holes. 3 lect., 1 rec. hr./wk., slides, films, planetarium shows; 3 cr.
A course with two themes: 1. How nature works the interplay of space, time, matter and energy; 2. Structures are born, live out their life cycles, and die. These include us, the stars, and perhaps the universe. This theme may be called the scientific story of genesis. 3 lect., 1 rec. hr./wk., demonstrations, slides, films; 3 cr.
Designed to fulfill the 30000-level core science requirement, the course covers the fundamental physical laws that underlie the motions of heavenly bodies, including Newtonian mechanics and Einstein’s theory of relativity, planetary, stellar and galactic evolution; the methods, techniques and instruments used by modern astronomy, including the Hubble Space Telescope and planetary space probes. 3 lect., 1 rec. hr./wk., slides, films, planetarium shows, field trips; 3 cr.
For majors in the life sciences (biology, medicine, dentistry, psychology, physical therapy) and for liberal arts students. Fundamental ideas and laws of physics from mechanics to modern physics. Included are Newton’s laws of motion, electricity and magnetism, heat, optics, relativity, quantum mechanics and nuclear physics. Emphasis is on the basic principles and general laws. Use of mathematics is restricted to elementary algebra and some trigonometry. Physics 20300 is prereq. for Physics 20400 (required for Premed., Predent., Bio-Med., and all Life Science students). 3 lect., 1 rec. hr./wk., 3 lab. hr. alt. wks.; 4 cr./sem.
Vectors, equilibrium, rectilinear motion. Newton’s laws, gravitation, motion in a plane, work and energy, impulse and momentum, rotation and angular momentum, simple harmonic motion, fluids, heat and thermodynamics, waves and acoustics, electrostatics, magnetism and electromagnetism, direct and alternating current, geometrical and physical optics. Pre- or coreq.: Math 20200 for Physics 20700. Physics 20700 is prereq. for Physics 20800. Math 20300 is pre- or coreq. for Physics 20800. (Required for all students in the Physical Sciences, Engineering and Computer Science.) 3 lect., 2 rec. hr./wk., 2 lab/wrkshp. hrs (20700), 2 lab. hrs. alt. wks. (20800); 4 cr./sem.
A one-semester course for students of Architecture. Translational and rotational equilibrium. Newton’s laws of motion and vibrations. Work, energy and power. Fluids and temperature. Heat and energy transfer. Prereq.: completion of all mathematics requirements through trigonometry or be eligible for Math 20500. 3 lect., 2 rec. hr./wk.; 4 cr.
For students in the School of Education. Survey of physics emphasizing the meanings of physical laws, concepts of motion and energy, and physical properties of matter. Topics include concepts of velocity and acceleration; Newton’s laws of motion, mass and weight, circular motion, gravitation, work, energy, momentum, electromagnetic properties of matter, and atomic theory (required for students in Elementary Education). 3 lect., 2 lab. or discussion hr./wk.; 3 cr.
Introductory historical background, elementary quantum theory, application to one-electron atoms, atomic shell structure and periodic table; nuclear physics, relativity and statistical mechanics. Concepts, quantitative work and problem sets are emphasized. Prereq.: Physics 20800 or equivalent, Math 20300 or 20900 (elective for Engineering students). 3 lect. hr./wk.; 3 cr.
Physical aspects of the skeletal, circulatory, nervous, muscular, respiratory, and renal systems; diagnostic imaging including EKG, EEG, x-rays, CAT, MRI, lasers and fiber optical probes; radiation therapy and safety; nuclear medicine; artificial organs. Prereq.: Physics 20400 or 20800. 3 hr./wk.; 3 cr.
Basic experiments, wave-particle duality, uncertainty; Wave functions and Schroedinger equation; 1-d problems: (a) bound states: square well, harmonic oscillator, Kronig-Penny model, (b) scattering from barriers, tunneling; QM formalism: Dirac notation, perators & eigenvalues, angular momentum; Hydrogen atom; Peturbation theory; time independent – first order nondegenerate, level splitting; time dependent – Golden rule; Identical particles, spin & statistics; Quantum communication, Bell’s theorem. Prereq.: Physics 20700 and 20800, Math 39100 and 39200 (required for Physics majors in the Applied Physics Option). 3 hr./wk.; 3 cr.
Problems concerning the existence of and contact with other intelligent life forms. The physical conditions necessary for development and evolution of such forms. The physical limitations on contact with them. 4 hr./wk.; 4 cr.
The physical basis for the many imaginative and speculative schemes encountered in science fiction: anti-matter, space warps, black holes, anti-gravity, time travel, multi-dimensional universes, parallel universes, quarks, robots, flying saucers, Star Trek, etc. Every lecture is accompanied by a color slide show. No prereq. 3 hr./wk.; 3 cr.
Newton’s laws; Systems of particles; Small oscillations; Central forces and planetary motion; Rotations and rotating coordinate system; Introduction to rigid body motion; Lagrangian dynamics; Introduction to Hamiltonian dynamics. Prereq.: Physics 20800; pre- or cor-req.; Math 39100 (required for Physics majors). 4 hr./wk.; 4 cr.
Review of vector calculus; Electrostatics in vaccum, work & energy, conductors; Laplace’s equation and its solution; Electric fields in matter, currents, circuits and dielectrics; magnetostatics, vector potential. Prereq.: Physics 20800; pre- or coreq.: Math 39100 and Physics 35100 or equivalent (required for Physics majors). 3 hr./wk.; 3 cr.
Magnetic fields in matter; Electrodynamics, induction, Makwell’s equations; Electromagnetic waves in vacuum and in matter; Guided waves – transmission lines and waveguides; Electromagnetic potentials and radiation; Special relativity. Prereq.: Physics 35300; pre- or coreq.: Math 39100 and Math 39200 (required for Physics majors, except those in the Biomedical Option). 3 hr./wk.; 3 cr.
Experiments in electricity, magnetism and electronics. Prereq.: Physics 20800; coreq.: Physics 35300 (required for Physics majors). 3 lab., 1 conf. hr./wk.; 2 cr.
Introduction to the structure, properties, and function of proteins, nucleic acids, lipids and membranes. In depth study of the physical basis of selected systems including vision, nerve transmission, photosynthesis, enzyme mechanism, and cellular diffusion. ntroduction to spectroscopic methods for monitoring reactions and determining structure including light absorption or scattering, fluorescence, NMR and X-ray diffraction. The course emphasizes reading and interpretation of the original literature. Prereq.: 1 yr. of Math, 1 yr. of Physics (elective for Physics Majors and Biomedical Engineering students). 3 hr./wk.; 3 cr.
Temperature; equations of state; work, heat and the First Law; irreversibility, entropy and the Second Law; introduction to kinetic theory and statistical mechanics; low-temperature physics; the Third Law. Prereq.: Physics 35100 and 35300; coreq.: Math 39100 (required for all Physics majors). 3 hr./wk.; 3 cr.
Dispersion, reflection and refraction, interference, diffraction, coherence, geometrical optics, interaction of light with matter. Prereq.: Physics 35400, or similar engineering courses; pre- or coreq.: Math 39200 (required for all Physics majors, except those in the Biomedical Option). 3 hr./wk.; 3 cr.
Theory and applications of lasers and masers. Physical principles underlying the design of lasers, coherent optics, and non-linear optics. Pre- or coreq.: a course in modern physics (Physics 55100 or Physics 32100), a course in electricity and magnetism (Physics 35400 or EE 33200). Optics (Physics 45200) is desirable but not required (elective for Physics and Engineering majors). 3 hr./wk.; 3 cr.
Astronomy for science majors. Stellar astronomy, galactic astronomy, cosmology, and earth and planetary science. Recent discoveries and topics such as pulsars, black holes, radio astronomy, interstellar medium, radio galaxies, quasars, spiral density waves in disc galaxies, black body radiation, intelligent life beyond the earth. Lectures are supplemented by observations and planetarium shows. Prereq.: Physics 20800 (elective for Physics majors). 3 hr./wk.; 3 cr.
Experiments in optics, quantum physics and atomic physics. Prereq.: Phys 35400; pre or coreq.: Physics 55100 (required for Physics majors). 3 lab., 1 conf. hr./wk.; 2 cr.
Methods used in the study of biophysics and biomedical physics. Study of the physical basis of spectroscopic methods including light absorption or scattering, fluorescence, NMR and X-ray diffraction for the study of biomolecules. Biomedical imaging including sonogram, MRI, and tomography will be discussed. Prereq: 42200 or the consent of the instructor. 3 hr./wk.; 3cr.
Introductory material: 2-slit experiment, matter waves and addition of amplitudes – superposition principle; Uncertainty principle, properties of matter waves: Boundary conditions and energy level quantization and Schrödinger interpretation – wave equation, application to one dimensional problems, barrier penetration, Bloch states in solids and how bands form in solids; The universality of the Harmonic potential – Simple Harmonic oscillator and applications; One electron atoms, spin, transition rates; Identical particles and quantum statistics; Beyond the Schrödinger equation: Variational methods and WKB. Prereq.: Math 39100 and Math 39200. Pre- or coreq.: Physics 35100, Physics 35400 (required for Physics majors). 4 hr./wk.; 4 cr.
Review of Schrödinger equation, Uncertainty principle. Formalism: Observables, Operators etc.; Application to simple case: 2 level systems, electron in a magnetic field; Angular momentum – Bohr model revisited; Magnetic properties of solids; Time independent perturbation theory and applications; Time dependent perturbation theory: Lasers, Masers etc.; Adiabatic processes: Berry’s phase, when does phase matter?; Quantum entanglement, Bell’s theorem and recent experiments. Prereq.: Physics 55100 or equivalent Math 39100, and Math 39200 (required for Physics majors). 4 hr./wk.; 4 cr.
(Same as Physics U4500) Crystal structure and symmetry; crystal diffraction; crystal binding; phonons and lattice vibrations; thermal properties of insulators; free electron theory of metals; energy bands; Fermi surfaces; semiconductors, selected topics in superconductivity, dielectric properties, ferro-electricity, magnetism. Prereq.: Physics 55100 or equivalent, e.g. Chem 33200 or Physics 32100 (elective for Physics and Engineering majors). 3 hr./wk.; 3 cr.
(Same as Physics U4600) Examples, characteristic properties, and applications of important classes of materials (semiconductors, ceramics, metals, polymers, dielectrics and ferroelectrics, super-conductors, magnetic materials); surfaces and interfaces of solids; selected topics in the synthesis, processing and characterization of materials. Prereq.: Phys 55400 or equivalent, e.g. EE 45400 or ChE 46400 (required of Physics majors in the Applied Physics/Material Science Option; and elective for other Physics majors and for Engineering majors). 3 hr./wk.; 3 cr.
A seminar course on current topics in experimental and theoretical physics, with oral reports by students and faculty (required for Physics majors). 1 hr./wk.; 1 cr.
Introduction to some of the basic methods for sample preparation and characterization relevant to materials science. Topics include synthesis of semiconductor thin films and high temperature superconductors, contact preparation, measurements of transport properties as a function of temperature, Raman spectroscopy, electron spin resonance (ESR), X-ray diffraction, absorption measurements in UV-visible range. Prereq.: Physics 32300; coreq.:Physics 55400 or permission of the instructor. 4 lect. hr./wk. for the first three wks., then 7 lab. hr./wk.; 4 cr.
Three-level and four-level solid state lasers: ion-doped laser crystals and glasses. Solid-state laser engineering: end-pumping techniques. Laser characterization: limiting slope efficiency. Femtosecond pulse generation: synchronous pumping, active mode-locking of tunable solid-state lasers. Regenerative amplification of ultrashort pulses. Photons in semiconductors: light-emitting diodes and semiconductor lasers. Semiconductorlaser- pumped solid-state lasers; microchip lasers. Photon detectors; noise in photodectors. Polarization and crystal optics: reflection and refraction; optics of anisotropic media; optical activity and Faraday’s effect; optics of liquid crystals; polarization devices. Electro-optics: Pockel’s and Kerr effects; electro-optic modulators and switches; spatial modulators; photo-refractive materials. Nonlinear optics: frequency mixing and harmonic generation; optical solutions. Acoustooptics: interactions of light and sound; acousto-optic devices. Prereq.: Phys 45300. 3 hr./wk.; 3 cr.
(Same as Physics U8100) Waves and Maxwell’s equations. Field energetics, dispersion, complex power. Waves in dielectrics and in conductors. Reflection and refraction. Oblique incidence and total internal reflection. Transmission lines and conducting waveguides. Planar and circular dielectric wave-guides; integrated optics and optical fibers. Hybrid and linearly polarized modes. Graded index fibers. Mode coupling; wave launching. Fiber-optic communications: modulation, multiplexing, and coupling; active fibers: bium-doped fiber lasers and amplifiers. Prereq.: Phys 35300 and 35400. 3 hr./wk.; 3 cr.
Approval of Dean and Department Honors Supervisor required. Apply not later than December 10 in Fall term or May 1 in the Spring term (elective for Physics majors). Variable cr., usually 3 cr./sem.
The student will pursue a program of independent study under the direction of a member of the Department with the written approval of the faculty sponsor and the Department Chair. Credit may be from 1-4 credits, as determined in the semester before registration by the instructor with the approval of the Department Chair. Students must have completed at least nine credits with a GPA of 2.5 or higher. A maximum of nine credits of independent study may be credited toward the degree. Independent study is to be used to meet special student needs that are not covered in regular course offerings.
Courses on contemporary topics to be offered according to the interest of faculty members and students. Consult Department for courses to be offered each academic year. 3 hr./wk.; 3 cr.